The '5 Components Of Physical Fitness'. See how regular fitness walking connects you to all five of these components in a very good way.
Pursue all five effectively and you're well on your way to being physically fit! So without further ado here are the
5 Components of Physical Fitmess
1. Cardiorespiratory endurance
...is how efficiently your body delivers the oxygen and nutrients you need for muscular activity to the cells and transports waste products from the cells. Actions like walking, running, swimming, cycling will all help with your cardiorespiratory health.
2. Muscular strength
...is the greatest amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert in a single effort. Any weight-bearing exercise you do helps build you muscle strength. A real simple example? Climbing stairs! It gives great results. You're the weight you're bearing!
3. Muscular endurance
...is the ability of your muscle or muscle groups to perform repeated movements with a sub-maximal force for extended periods of times. (how's that for 'techie talk'?) In simpler terms you can walk distances for example, without having to use all of your strength to do so.
...is the ability to move your joints or group of joints through an entire, normal* range of motion. Yoga, warm-up and stretching exercises before your walk will all help to keep you limber and reduce your chance of injury.
*as defined by your health pro! Their views and yours don't always match. They will probably want MORE flexibility than you think you can do!)
5. Body Composition
...is how much of your body is muscle and how much is fat. One simple way of expressing this degree of fatness or thinness is with the Body Mass Index (BMI)* measurement tool. You can control and maintain your body composition with a good daily exercise and diet program. Keep active, eat well, drink 8 glasses of water a day. Pay attention to getting a good night's sleep!
Read a lot more on our Body Mass Index (BMI) page.
*This gives you a general idea of whether you are overweight, normal or underweight. It is best for your health if you can get it in the 'normal' range. You are welcome to download (right click) your own free personal Body Mass Index (BMI) Chart here.
Improve your first three components of physical fitness and you improve your body composition and you lose fat.
You probably already know that excessive body fat detracts from the other fitness components, reduces your performance, detracts from your appearance and negatively affects your health.
Let's move on from the 5 components of physical fitness and tie this all together with the ...
Principles of Exercise
When you follow an exercise program built of sound basic principles of the 5 components of physical fitness, good things can happen.
Whether you can walk 10 miles a day or can just barely make it around the block, you'll be amazed at how effective it is no matter what your current fitness level!
(All of these same principles are built in to all of our Fitness Walking Programs).
OK. Here's the basic principles of exercise that should be in your exercise program.
So there you have it. First you learned the 5 components of physical fitness:
and the basic principles of exercise.
Remember these and see if you can spot them as you progress with your Fitness Walking Programs. They are all in there.
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Would you like more in depth info? Here are some great reads for we 'more seasoned' types.
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